In Yogsutra, there is a description of five different states / conditions of chitta. These states are named as kshipat, moodth, vikshipta, egagra and niroodha.These states of chitta lead to different temperaments.In kshipta condition chiita is under the influence of rajoguna and it becomes very fickle and restless.When the Chitta is under the influence of tamoguna, then it is in moodth condition and the person becomes violent.When the Chitta is more under the influence of satvaand at the same time under some influence of rajoguna, it is said to be in vikshipta condition. Although in this condition Chitta is steady to a good extent, but often it becomes unstable due the influence of rajoguna.When the Chitta is completely under the influence of satva then it is said to be in theegagra condition.After a perfection in Sadhna (austerity),
When all four transitory conditions of Chitta are overcomed and they remain only in residual position – this is called niroodha. The ultimate objective of yoga sadhna is to be firmly establish one’s Chitta in this fifth type of state and not to return to any of the first four types of states discussed before.
This stage of going beyond these three gunas of prakriti is often reffered in Yogic literarture as ‘Trigunaateet’ (Tri means Three,Gunaa (modes of nature)- Ateetmeans beyound)) and yogis in their advance stage are established firmly in this state of mind. This term is widely used in Indian philosophical, religious and mythological texts to depict the characters of many of the great personalities.
This process of winning Chitta is structured in a eight fold path in Yoga philosophy.In Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra, the eightfold path of yoga is described as ‘Ashtanga-Yoga’ or having “eight limbs” (Ashta = eight, Anga = limb).These eight limbs of yoga are considered as the basic for all the ‘types’ of Yoga and in general have following meaning. After discussing these few basics of Sankhya philosophy, one can better understand Yoga Philosophy.
The Twenty Four Cosmic Principles Of Samkhya Philosophy